From the ancient time, in the bank of Bay Of Bengal, Sree Sree Jagannath’s Puri and surrounding places are known as ‘Sri Khestra – Mandala’. Several names “Sri Khestra, Puri, Purushottom, Sree Jagannath, Nilachal” are mentioned in the ancient literatures, Sree Chaitanya Bhagavat, Sree Chaitanya Charitamrita and old Goudia literatures.
The power of Lord Sree Vishnu – Sree Devi. The holy place or Dham of Sree Vishnu, which is influenced by Sree Shakti, is called ‘Sree- Khestra’. Puri, the spiritual capital of the state is popularly known as Shree Khetra. ‘Shree’ means ‘Mahalaxmi’, the wife of Lord Jagannath and ‘Khetra’ means land / kingdom. So Puri is the kingdom of Mahalaxmi who happens to be the goddess of wealth, beauty and prosperity.
In ancient Indian religion and learning were very closely intermingled and each dham was also a centre of learning, culture and religion. Puri, being one of the four dhams of the country, was not an exception to this traditional view. Voluminous works in sanskrit containing accounts of ancient Indian history, culture, mythology, philosophy, religion etc. present detailed picture of the origin of Lord Jagannath and Jagannath Puri. Prominent among the Puranas are the Skanda Purana, the Mastya Purana, the Brahma Purana, the Bamadeva Samhita, the Niladri Mahodaya, even the Ramayana and the Mahabharata describe the importance of Lord Jagannath and Jagannath Dham.